Top 10 World Top Telescope and Observatory
Two eyes are better than one. Twin optical / infrared telescope, Gemini Observatory are separate, but together, they can access the entire sky. Gemini South is located approximately 9000 meters in the Andes of Chile, Gemini North (pictured) is at the top of Mauna Kea, home to an international community of telescope peering into the night sky, through a very good atmosphere of Hawaii.
European Southern Observatory
Telescope with a length of 3.5 m, is the first telescope in the world that has a primary mirror that is controlled by computer. Even amateurs now have the technology field. Together with ESO telescopes in the Atacama Desert in Chile, also including an array of the Very Large Telescope (pictured), the main observatory in Europe. ESO is also home to several millimeters in Europe Atacama Large / sub-millimeter Array, known as ALMA, a collaboration between North America with East Asia and Chile. ALMA will be The Biggest Earth Observatory Radio Astronomy Observatory and the most advanced in the world. Which brings us to the next higher Observatory.
National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)
Some sites including the Green Bank Telescope Observatory, Very Large Array (pictured), the base set of a very large and the future of U.S. ALMA. Recently, scientists have used the Green Bank data to find the frequency of molecules in interstellar space.
Chandra / Spitzer Space Telescopes
One of NASA's famous observatory (in addition to the Hubble Space Telescope) has provided a glimpse into the universe that can not be seen. Elliptical orbit of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, which took him away from Earth, providing a better view of the high-energy regions of space, such as supernovae. Images from Chandra has helped scientists better understand and pulsar nebulae.
Corot / Kepler Space Telescopes
NASA's Kepler Telescope launched last month, and clean it this week, so it can begin to make observations. One in France and one in America.
W. M. Keck Observatory
Keck's twin 10-meter, 8-story, 300-ton telescopes. Each primary mirror consists of 36 hexagonal segments that work together as a single piece of glass - a revolutionary technique that enables the achievement of a large mirror. They have helped scientists make some surprising discoveries: the existence of galaxies on the outskirts of the universe, studying supernovae to determine the rate of expansion of the universe, the nature of gamma-ray peak and, recently, planets around other stars.
Mount Wilson Observatory
From the donkey cart used to carry 60-inch mirror to the top of the mountain. Mount Wilson is the evolution of modern observatories, and one of the most important place in scientific history. George Ellery Hale's 60-inch, which is no longer used for research, this will be used to study the spectral classification of stars, which are the foundation of modern astronomy. 60-inch Hale Telescope is the largest in the world 100 years ago, but within 10 years, was replaced by 100-inch scope next. Edwin Hubble discovered that the stains of the nebula, that the universe evolved, and that the speed commensurate with the expansion of the Big Bang or creation. Mount Wilson Observatory becomes the primary observatory for 40 years.
Palomar 200-inch telescope helped revolutionize modern astronomy - and modern baking. The mirror makers spent nearly $ 1 million - dollars in 1934 - and still can not make a big enough mirror quartz. George Ellery Hale, who led the creation of his Palomar Mt. Wilson asked for 200-inch mirror made of a new blend called Pyrex glass. Changes in temperature makes Pyrex expands and contracts less than ordinary glass, Pyrex glass, so are less prone to distortion problems.
Galileo Galilei did not invent the telescope, he might even not the first to use a telescope. But a powerful telescope design allows him to see farther than others. With a telescope 1609, he examined the moon, discovered four moons of Jupiter, watching a supernova, discovered sunspots and verify the phases of Venus. He also condemned the heresy for advocating a heliocentric view of the universe. One of two remaining Galileo telescope continues to display the exhibition this month for the first and only outside Italy, at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia.
Hubble Space Telescope
In the eventful 18 years, the Hubble Space Telescope has lived up to its namesake, one of the greatest astronomers in history. Examples of Hubble's discovery in the last 18 years: to determine the age of the universe, which verifies that the dark energy accelerating the expansion of the universe; take pictures of planets outside our solar system, and chemicals in their atmospheres. Hubble Service Mission 4, part of the STS-125 shuttle mission scheduled for next month. This will be the last man to visit the orbital observatory, if the STS-125 is successful, Hubble astronomers hope will last 10 years. kaskus.us
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