Amazing 10 Biggest Scams Ever Happened In History
False Margaret (1260-1301) was a Norwegian woman who disguised as Margaret, daughter of the original Norwegia.Margaret had died in 1290, in Orkney, and his father King Eirik II of Norway (above) died in 1299, replaced by brother , Haakon V. The next year a woman arrived in Bergen, Norway, with a ship that sailed from Lübeck Germany, admitted sebgai Margaret, and accuse some people commit treason.
He stated that he did not die in Orkney, but was sent to Germany, where he married. City residents and some of the clergy to support his claim, although the late King Eirik had identified the dead body of his son, and although she was apparently 40 years old, whereas the original Margaret was aged 17.
Margaret and her husband was convicted of false deceit: he was beheaded and he was burned at the stake, in the year 1301.
9. Anna Anderson
Anna Anderson probably the most famous entries in this list. In 1920, Anderson appeared in a German psychiatric hospital as a Jane Doe.
He refused to disclose his identity at first, but two years later he began to claim to be the Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanov, who is believed (although not by all) has been executed with the rest of the Russian royal family four years earlier.
Anderson is the woman most famous for claiming to be Anastasia, and he continues to uphold the claim until his death, in 1984. During his life he was visited by many members of the Russian royal family - some of them support the claim, and some regard him as a swindler. he claims made him famous around the world, and a number of films and books written about him.
In 2007, Anastasia Romanov's body was found in Russia, finally put the original Anastashia unfolding mystery story. and DNA testing on Anna Anderson's hair proved he adaalah a factory worker who disappeared in Poland with the name of Franziska Schanzkowska.
8. Helga de la Brache
Helga de la Brache (09.06.1817, Stockholm - 01.11.1885, Stockholm), reached retirement kingdom by convincing the authorities that he was the secret daughter of King Gustav IV of Sweden (top) and Queen Frederica of Baden.
In Exile Gustav IV and Frederica of Baden were divorced in 1812, but Helga de la Brache claimed that they had married again, in secret, "in a monastery in Germany", which resulted in him was born in Lausanne, in 1820. He was then sent to be raised by his aunt, Princess Sophia Albertine of Sweden.
When the Princess died in 1829, he was taken to the asylum Vadstena, so the secret of his birth will be hidden because he will be considered gila.Kisahnya trusted by many people in Sweden and Finland. even skeptics must admit that the story was, at least, theoretically possible. He received major financial support from private contributors.
In March 1861, the king allow annual pension from the state department for a fee of 2400 Swedish riksdaler per-year, (number, from the beginning of 1200, made larger, in December 1869). King also promised to give her a princess furniture.
He managed to continue this for years until a newspaper report led to an investigation conducted. Turns out she was a waitress from Stockholm who have made writing everything. He was then on the table hijaukan, and the court's decision resulted in his retirement pension.
After the emperor Nero commits suicide near the villa Freedman Phaon, in June 68 AD, many fraudsters claiming to be Nero emerged between the autumn of 69 BC and the time of the emperor Domitian.
Pseudo-Nero who first appeared in the fall of 68 BC, or early winter of 69 BC, the Roman province of Achaia, which Harini into modern Greek.
Nero recently visited Greece (66-67 AD) to participate in the Panhellenic Games, and this led to some claims the story of the trickster somewhat acceptable.
The trickster, according to Tacitus, it is possible is the slave from Pontus, or possibly slave who has been free from Italy.
Historians do not reveal much about the early career fraudster, except to say that the Pseudo-Nero gathered around him a group of army deserters and then went to sea where he began his career in piracy while maintaining its claim as emperor. He was eventually captured and beheaded.
6. Claude des Armoises
Some fraudsters claiming to be Saint Joan of Arc, after he was executed in 1431. The most successful is Claude des Armoises. Claude des Armoises married knight, Robert des Armoises, and claimed to be Joan of Arc, in the year 1436.
He received support from relatives of Joan of Arc. He continues to be on the stage until 1440, get lots of donations and gifts.
When the state in critical condition, "In this year came a young girl who said she was the Princess of France, and played his role so well that many are deceived by him, and especially the greatest nobles." Some modern writers attempt to revive this claim by asserting that some other victim replaces Joan of Arc at the stake.
This possibility is very slim, since the cancellation of court records oath testimony from several witnesses who were present at the execution and who confirmed his identity.
5. Lambert Simnel
Lambert Simnel (1477 -. 1525) is disguised as a nobleman from England. statement claiming that he is the Earl of Warwick, in 1487, threatening the new government was established from King Henry VII (reigned 1485-1509).
At the age of about ten, Simnel was taken as a pupil by the Oxford-trained seorangpendeta named Roger Simon (or Richard Symonds) who apparently decided to become a kingmaker.
She teaches children manners polite, and contemporaries described him as handsome.
She taught etiquette required and trained well by Symonds.
Simon saw a striking resemblance between Lambert and the children of Edward IV which should be killed, so he initially intended to present Simnel as Richard, Duke of York, son of King Edward IV, the younger of the Princes who had disappeared in the Tower . However, when he heard a rumor that the Earl of Warwick had died during imprisoned in the Tower of London, he changed his mind.
Warwick is actually a boy about the same age and have a claim to the throne as the son of the Duke of Clarence, brother of King Edward IV. Simon spread rumors that Warwick is really escaped from the Tower and is under the ward.
Simon managed to collect a small number of Irish troops to support the claim nobleman. They clashed with the army of the King on June 16, at the Battle of Stoke Field and defeated. Because he is a pastor, Simon was imprisoned for life, not executed, and Simnel who was so young, has been pardoned by the King and given a job as a bearer of the spit in the royal kitchen.
4. Karl Wilhelm Naundorff
Karl Wilhelm Naundorff (1785 -? August 10, 1845) is the maker of clocks and watches from Germany, which until death claimed him as Prince Louis-Charles. Naundorff is one of the more stubborn from more than 30 other people claiming to be Louis XVII.
Prince Louis-Charles, son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette of France, was imprisoned during the French Revolution and is believed to have died in prison. However, there are various rumors sympathizers of the monarchy has a young Dauphin spirit away from the prison, and that he lived in another place in secret.
Naundorff claimed that he was a young prince and which are considered the body is replaced with a corpse youth orphaned deaf and mute, and that he had been hidden in secret areas to escape the Temple Tower.
He also claims that he was later recaptured by the troops of Napoleon and secretly stored in several dungeons throughout Europe, until finally escape in the mid twenties.
Despite the fact that Naundorff not speak French very well, he managed to convince a former member of the court of Louis XVI that he is the Dauphin. He seems to know everything about the personal lives of the royal court, give the correct answers to questions that are most and speak with the palace as if she had known them as a child.
However, Princess Marie-Thérèse, the sister of Prince Louis, did not recognize him. She had seen pictures of this trickster, and Princess Marie claims that she did not see the resemblance to her by her sister and even refused to see him, although he never saw another claimant who is not represented by a former member of the royal court.
In 1836, Marie Thérèse Naundorff sued for his alleged property. In contrast, King Louis-Philippe police arrested him, confiscated all the documents and deport him to Britain. He died in 1845, in Delft, the Netherlands, where he might be poisoned.
Raictor is from the Eastern Orthodox monk who assumed the identity of the Byzantine Emperor Michael VII, and participate in Norman Robert Guiscard campaign to overthrow the Byzantine Empire.
In 1081, the Byzantine Empire was in chaos. Alexios I Komnenos just overthrow Nikephoros III Botaneiates, and faced with the challenges associated with the nearest invasion of the Balkans by Robert Guiscard, Norman Duke of Apulia.
Guiscard had used the overthrow of Emperor Michael VII by Nikephoros III, in 1078, as an excuse to launch a massive attack against the empire.
In 1081, both by a stroke of good luck or with some creative manipulation, there are waiting at Salerno a man claiming to be son-in-law Robert, who had been deposed emperor, Michael VII.
Guiscard realize that Raictor not like what it claims, but he realized that by supporting the claim that he could gather support for his cause. Raictor managed to convince many that he is the Emperor's nobles and they agreed to come back to him by launching a war against the Eastern Roman Empire.
he used as a puppet by Robert Guiscard, until deemed no longer needed, then he like disappeared - and was exiled in secret.
2. Arthur Orton
Affair of the Tichborne Claimant is a warning about the legal case of the 19th century in England from the case of Arthur Orton (1834-1898), a con man who claimed to be Sir Roger Tichborne (1829-1854), heir to the lost of Tichborne Baronetcy.
Sir Roger (who grew up in France and has a French accent) allegedly killed when she lost at sea.
When learning about the news his oldest son's death, Sir Roger's mother refuses to acknowledge that he was dead. He sent a question in the whole world, and in November, 1865, he received a letter from an Australian lawyer, William Gibbes, who said that a man should match the description of her son had approached him, and living as a butcher in New South Wales rural town Wagga Wagga.
Should Sir Roger Arthur Orton was born in London, which at that time using the name Tom Castro. Apart from some facial resemblance to Tichborne, he does not fit the other descriptions altogether. Instead of sharp features and black hair, she has a round face and brown hair. He is also overweight and do not speak French. In addition, his first letter from Australia does not match the facts that were dictated Lady Tichborne
Lady Tichborne was desperate enough, so accept him as his son and sent him money to come to his house. When in January he traveled to a Paris hotel where Lady Tichborne live, desperate woman who is "admitted" he went on as her son. The fact that Orton can not speak French do not bother him, and he gave her pocket money amounting to 1.000 pounds per year.
When Lady Tichborne died, the trial begins to share his legacy. The investigation found the discovery of the fraud Orton because he did not have a tattoo that belongs to Sir Roger.
Orton immediately arrested and charged with perjury. He was convicted on two counts of perjury, on February 28, 1874, and sentenced to hard labor for 14 years. Penalty fee is set at £ 200,000 (at least £ 10 million pounds or 12 million U.S. dollars).
1 Grigory Otrepyev
This list was rated 1 because these fraudsters managed to become his Tsarist Russia with fraud.
Grigory Otrepyev (Dmitriy I is false) is the Tsar of Russia, from July 21, 1605 until his death on May 17, 1606, with the name Dimitriy Ioannovich. He was one of three fraudsters who claimed, during the period of civil unrest in Russia, becoming the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible, tsarevitch Dmitriy Ivanovich, who is expected to escape from an assassination attempt in 1591.
Generally the people - people believe that the original Dmitriy actually killed in Uglich and that the real name is Grigory False Dmitriy Otrepyev, although this is far from it should be. Otrepyev claimed that his mother (wife of Tsar Ivan) has anticipated the murder and had been sent to the convent to hide.
A number of people who know the Tsar Ivan then claims that do not resemble tsarevitch Dmitriy young. Dmitriy showing aristocrats such as horse riding skills and literacy and speaking well in two languages: Russian and Polish.
A number of nobles agreed to support him against the Tsar Goudonov. He attracted a large number of followers and formed the troops who fought on his behalf in two battles.
When Tsar Boris died suddenly Goudonov, Russian troops began to defect to the side of Dmitriy and, on June 1, noblemen imprisoned in Moscow also newly crowned tsar, Feodor II and his mother who then killed.
Grigory suddenly declared himself Tsar.
In the end, because of rumors that Russia's Grigory intend to convert to Catholicism, rebellion ensued and after his power is only ten months, he was shot dead in the Kremlin.
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